Opportunity and challenge before Singapore’s president
Putting controversy over her election behind her, Halimah Yacob has her work cut out, but she can rise to the occasion
I am glad Singapore has its first Malay woman president, though it would have been much better if it wasn’t done through a reserved election. But that’s water under the bridge now.
I look forward to a Halimah Yacob presidency because I believe she has the qualities not only to perform the job but also to do so in a different way from previous heads of state. More important, the change can be good for Singapore.
Why do I say she has an opportunity to shape the presidency differently? There are two areas where she can make a difference.
First, I think most people will agree she is not the sort of person you would associate with being in charge of a $500-million company, which is one of the new eligibility criteria for candidates. She does not have much financial background nor has she headed any ministry as its minister. If commercial and financial acumen were the most important requisites for the job, she would not be on most people’s shortlist.
In raising the bar for people with commercial experience, I felt the government over-emphasised the corporate nature of the elected president’s office.
Indeed, by doing so, it knocked out two potential Malay candidates, Farid Khan and Salleh Marican, who did their community proud with their successful businesses.
Alas, even though their achievements put them among the top Malay businessmen, they did not qualify under the raised bar.
President Halimah has the opportunity to move the presidency in a different direction: by refocusing the role of the president as a unifying head of state, someone whom Singaporeans can identify with and look up to, embodying the values they uphold.
This is best done by a president who not only can relate easily to ordinary Singaporeans, but who also inspires and is respected for who she is and what she has done.
On this front, she will begin her presidency already hitting the right notes.
She has said she will continue living in her Housing Board flat in Yishun, which she did throughout her years as Minister of State and Speaker of Parliament.
It is rare in Singapore to find someone in such a senior position and earning the salary she does and not living in a private property. Many, in fact, own more than one.
But she not only lives in a public housing estate where the majority of Singaporeans reside, but also has lived in the same flat for more than 30 years. Can a tudung-wearing Muslim woman be such a symbol in multiracial Singapore?
Many people have a problem with this, which leads me to the second area she can make a difference: promoting Singapore’s brand of multiracialism.
What is this brand?
It is about each race preserving its own distinctiveness and accepting the other’s right to do so, but all sharing a common sense of belonging to the community. This requires tolerance and understanding of one another’s ways and of what the country’s common interests are.
The balance isn’t easy to achieve because if each race continues to build on its own distinctiveness, it can grow apart from the others.
For the Malay community, an overly strict adherence to eating halal food, for example, can reinforce its exclusiveness. Similarly, if Chinese Singaporeans speak Mandarin even in the company of Malays or Indians, they weaken everyone’s sense of belonging to the same community.
In fact, the very idea of race and its place in Singapore can make for a divisive society. Which is why it needs constant tending and vigilance, and deep understanding and empathy. Now, the multiracial idea is being placed under the brightest possible spotlight in the highest office of the land.
Will it shine even more brightly or suffer under the glare?
Having a tudung-wearing president can be a strong statement about the place of minority races in Singapore, that there is space for them and their beliefs and practices.
But it will require sensitive handling on her part because racial prejudices and stereotyping exist and her distinctiveness can work against her.
It will also be particularly challenging for President Halimah because of the controversy surrounding her election. There is still much unhappiness on the ground and many remain opposed to the idea of a reserved election and the way it has been introduced.
The cynicism, if not addressed, can damage the office of the presidency and its occupant. President Halimah will have her work cut out for her. But when the challenge is great, there is opportunity to make a difference.
It was what motivated Singapore’s first popularly elected president, the late Ong Teng Cheong, to do what he did. He too entered new waters, tasked with making the new office work. I believed the challenge shaped his approach and he was determined to show that he was his own man and that he would do whatever he thought necessary to do the job. It led to several clashes with the government but it helped shape the relationship between the two and deepened understanding of how to make it work better.
President Halimah’s challenge is different: After three elected presidents, the formal role of safeguarding the country’s reserves and overseeing key appointments has more or less been settled.
Less understood is the informal unifying role the president plays in multiracial Singapore.
President Halimah now has a unique opportunity to reinforce the importance of this part of her job under trying circumstances.
I hope she can turn adversity into advantage. If ever a unifying president is needed, now is the time.