Watanya on Wednesday attended a meeting of the Committee on Monetary Affairs, Finance, Financial Institutions, and Financial Market that discussed taxing stock trading and digital assets.
In a post on Thursday on her Facebook page, she summarised important discussions that took place at the meeting.
Paiboon Nalinthrangkurn, chairman of the Federation of Thai Capital Market Organisations, made the point that a tax on stock trading would decrease liquidity in the market by at least 40 per cent. Paiboon said that large numbers of foreign investors and short-term investors would stop trading as the cost of trading would become unviable for them, especially for foreign investors. He said liquidity is important to attract institutional investors and foreign investors to invest in Thailand.
Pakorn Peetathawatchai, president of The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET), and Soraphol Tulayasathien, SET senior executive vice president, suggested that the government raise funds for infrastructure so it could save 250 billion baht last year. They agreed that liquidity in the Thai stock market was important to maintain the Thai economic system.
Yutthana Srisavat, the CEO and founder of iTAX, said that these proposed tax collections could not be implemented in the 2021 taxation year because investors were not prepared and had not collected the necessary evidence. He said people trade in cryptocurrency in a digital exchange, which makes it impractical to identify the buyer or seller to file taxes.
He also added that Thai digital asset operators would be able to compete with other countries only if we allow them to grow. The department would be able to collect corporate tax and value-added tax from trading, which would be more beneficial than collecting a tax from investors, which would be an obstacle for development, he said.
Peeradej Tanruangporn, president of Thai Digital Asset Association, said that operators had not deployed personnel and a system to collect evidence for taxes. He said it will take at least one year to develop such a system. Also, there was the likelihood of some people faking their identities to avoid paying high taxes, which will be an obstacle for tax collection and detecting money laundering.
Chonladet Khemarattana, president of Thai Fintech Association, suggested fair calculation of the capital gains tax, but the problem would be that a trader could use another person’s account to avoid tax. He said the industry is currently growing. He urged the department to see the impact on business growth from levying a tax.
The committee’s adviser, Prinn Panitchpakdi, suggested that the Excise Department explain to investors before imposing the tax. He asked the department to study the short-, medium-, and long-term effects. He wanted a comparative study on letting Thai operators grow which also benefits the country versus collecting the tax when operators are not ready, which would cause the industry to shrink.
The Excise Department said that it has to collect the tax for the Treasury but it admitted that it had not studied the impact of its move on liquidity. The department said it had been studying only a tax on stock trading. It said there was a problem with the cryptocurrency tax and it would be implemented only after careful consideration. The department said that it was studying the effects of imposing a cryptocurrency tax.
Regarding the tax on stocks, the department argued that there had been no tax for 30 years and in that same period, from 1991 to 2021, the SET had grown 22 times. The department said a 0.1 per cent tax is not much. According to Asian Development Bank, 97 per cent of Financial Transaction Tax collection was from big investors or people with high revenue.
The department compared the fee and tax on brokers was 90 per cent of transaction cost, which is not high when compared to Malaysia. It cited the example of Hong Kong, which collected tax from both buyer and seller. The department thought that the cost of trading at around 0.22 per cent is lower than in some countries.
The department added that almost every country collected one of these taxes. The Philippines and Vietnam, for instance, collect both capital gains and transaction taxes. The department assured that the impact would be lower when compared to other countries.
Meanwhile, the department is discussing with the private sector about the cryptocurrency tax. They were studying and incorporating the suggestions.
Watanya said in her post that the meeting was a good starting point for every sector to present information to the Excise Department for further deliberations.
Published : January 21, 2022
By : THE NATION