The Public Health Ministry has told local administrative bodies to punish people who neglect their properties and allow breeding grounds for the Zika-carrying Aedes mosquito.
They have been told fine offenders up to Bt5,000.
Public Health permanent secretary, Dr Sopon Mekthon, said the Public Health Act prohibited acts that could harm the health of others.
He said a 2002 ministerial regulation determined that Aedes mosquito-breeding grounds could impact negatively on the health of others.
He said local administrative bodies must issue their own regulations in line with these measures to control Aedes mosquitoes following cases of people contracting the Zika virus and dengue fever in the country. The Aedes mosquito also spreads dengue fever.
He said 250 local bodies in 11 provinces had issued regulations regarding the matter.