Climate in a narrow sense is usually defined as the “average weather” or, more rigorously, as the statistical description in terms of the mean and variability of relevant quantities over a period of time ranging from months to thousands or millions of years.
The classical period is 30 years, as defined by the World Meteorological Organisation. Climate, change is a change in Earth’s overall climate which means it could be a change in Earth’s average temperature or a change in Earth’s precipitation patterns.
The Earth is currently facing the impact of climate change. The melting of ice, the rise of sea level, the extreme weather, drought, massive floods, the changing of rainfall patterns and growing seasons are the impacts of climate change. Climate change has disrupted the fruit seasons in Malaysia, according to the Malaysian Nature Society. Fruiting seasons in both local fruit trees like durians and in wild trees in the forest have changed due to the changes in rain and heat patterns. The warmer Earth has caused the massive ice fields, monstrous glaciers and sea ice from the Arctic to Peru, from Switzerland to the equatorial glaciers of Man Jaya in Indonesia to disappear fast. The melting of ice leads to the rise of sea levels.
According to The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the oceans might rise between 28cm and 98cm by 2100, which is enough to swamp many of the cities along the US. A complete meltdown of the Greenland ice sheet will raise sea levels to seven metres, enough to submerge London.
Climate change has also caused other catastrophic events such as massive floods. Therefore, to curtail the climate change effect, the first thing is to raise awareness among the people on the impacts of climate change. Public education on climate change should be undertaken in order to promote awareness.
Nur Imani Binti Abdullah/The Star/ANN