THE ANIMAL feed industry of Vietnam , despite being among the world’s fastest-growing by scale and output, is dominated by foreign firms while local producers are struggling to compete.
According to Nguyen Xuan Duong, deputy director of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s Department of Livestock Production, the animal feed industry maintained two-digit growth in the past two decades, with the output jumping from 400,000 tonnes in 1993 to more than 23 million tonnes in 2016.
Vietnam is today the leading country in Asean and the 10th in the world in animal feed production.
However, the rapid expansion of foreign producers in Vietnam is posing threat to local firms.
Recently, Korea’s CJ Group opened its fifth animal feed plant in Vietnam and is planning to open the sixth one this year.
A US$15-million plant with an annual output of 500,000 tonnes in the northern province of Hai Durong was recently opened by Singapore’s HAID, which has invested in six plants throughout the country already.
Indonesia’s Java Pelletising Factory also invested 135 billion dong ($5.97 million) in building a plant in Vietnam .
Thailand’s CP Group owns four animal feed plants in Vietnam, with an annual capacity of more than 400,000 tonnes each. Uni-President from Taiwan, besides owning three plants producing fish feed of 300,000 tonnes annually, has invested $20 million to build another 100,000-tonne capacity plant in Quang Nam Province.
Hoang Huong Giang from the ministry’s Animal Husbandry Department said there were 218 animal feed plants Vietnam, with an average monthly capacity of 28,200 tonnes. Of these, 71 are foreign firms, with an average monthly capacity of more than 15,700 tonnes and hold a market share of some 65 per cent.
Le Ba Lich , chairman of the Animal Husbandry Association of Vietnam, said local animal feed producers outnumbered foreign producers but held a market share of just some 30 per cent.
Lich said the market share of local producers was in danger of narrowing down even as local producers were expanding. “It is important to adjust strategies to compete,” he said.
Many local producers are striving to cut costs and lower prices by selling directly to farmers instead of going through agents, but some have not been able to avoid losses.
Lich said foreign firms had stronger financial capacity, experience, modern production line and especially appropriate distribution strategies to expand their market.