In China, big expectations from big data

Tech October 24, 2017 13:59

By China Daily/ANN

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BEIJING - Guizhou province takes advantage of new technology to develop economy, boost employment and combat poverty.



Guizhou in Southwest China struggled with unemployment and poverty before big data created a big future for the province.

Nestled in a mountainous region, it has been transformed in the past three years into an innovation hub as major global companies, such as Apple Inc, Alibaba Group Holding Ltd and Hyundai Motor Group, flocked to the area.

"Big data has helped relieve local poverty as it has brought huge opportunities to impoverished areas and created jobs at the same time," said Jing Yaping, deputy director of the bureau responsible for Guizhou province's big data development.

Innovation and cutting-edge technology has fuelled economic growth across China with big data playing a crucial role.

This transformation is in line with General Secretary Xi Jinping's remarks during the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

Xi emphasised that innovation is the primary force driving development.

"We will move Chinese industries up to the medium-high end of the global value chain, and foster a number of world-class advanced manufacturing clusters," he said.

Xi called for more efforts to develop advanced manufacturing, promote further integration of the internet, big data and artificial intelligence with the real economy.

Guizhou has certainly adopted this approach to achieve rapid growth.

Official data showed the industrial output of large-scale digital information manufacturing in the province was at 5.26 billion yuan ($800 million) in the first half of this year, a jump of 64 per cent compared to 2016.

It was first time the sector had contributed double-digit numbers to industrial growth.

"In Guizhou, big data has become the new growth engine for economic transformation," said Qin Rupei, executive vice-governor of Guizhou, and a delegate at the Congress.

Figures also revealed that software and IT services produced revenue of 15.59 billion yuan in the first half of 2017, a 36.4 per cent increase year-on-year.

"Thanks to big data, Guizhou has been able to rejuvenate itself," Jing, of the big data bureau, said.

An hour's drive out of the provincial capital of Guiyang is Guian New Area, a 1,795-square-kilometre industrial technology park, packed with blue-chip brands.

Hyundai is one of the latest big names to open a big data centre there. The South Korea-based automotive company plans to collate and analyse massive data for its advanced automated vehicles. It will also use the information for research and development.

"Hyundai Motor's knowhow in big data analysis, coupled with Guizhou province's push into (the sector), will surely accelerate development in connected car technologies," Hwang Seung-ho, executive vice-president and head of the auto intelligence division at Hyundai, told the company's website.

Earlier this year, China Daily reported that more than 400 companies in the big data industry had set up in Guian New Area, including Apple, Microsoft, Alibaba, Tencent Holdings Ltd and Huawei Technologies Co Ltd.

China's major telecom operators, China Telecommunications Corp, China Mobile Communications Corp and China United Network Communications Group Co Ltd, also have centres there.

Up to 20 Fortune 500 companies and 14 of China's top 500 firms have a presence in the technology park.

Apple, for example, invested $1 billion on its first big data centre in the country. The Guian setup will be used to help meet growing demand for advanced cloud services.

The global tech giant's decision to ramp up investment in China comes at a time when it is losing ground to domestic rivals such as Huawei.

Still, this move will cement its place in the market here.

"The big data industry will play an important role in helping Guian build a modern industrial system, create more jobs and improve administrative efficiency," said Ma Changqing, then head of the administrative committee of Guian New Area.

"We are developing a smart city," Ma added.

Another high-profile business in Guizhou is FAST or the Five-hundred-metre Aperture Spherical radio Telescope. The installation recently celebrated its first anniversary there.

Known as the world's largest radio telescope, it is able to collect celestial big data by detecting emissions from stars and galaxies across the cosmos.

FAST has also been used to study pulsars, which is short for pulsating radio stars.

"New discoveries, such as pulsars, have been made by FAST, which is of great importance to solving key physics problems," the National Astronomical Observatories of China stated in a media conference.

Back on earth, leading cloud service provider Baishan Cloud has increased its sales volume by more than 50-fold since opening up in Guizhou in 2015, although the private company declined to disclose further financial information.

Indeed, firms such as Baishan Cloud have helped create jobs and fuel the province's economy.

Last year, e-commerce turnover in the province's rural areas increased by 27.1 per cent and helped the added value side of the agricultural processing industry.

Statistics from Guizhou Poverty Alleviation Office also showed that poverty rates dropped from 26.8 per cent in 2012 to 10.6 by the end of last year. Additionally, up to 1,500 villages have been removed from the poverty-stricken list.

"We have made significant progress in fighting poverty in the past few years through industry development," said Qin Rufang, deputy director of Poverty Relief Office of Guizhou province.