DEMANDS on the healthcare workforce will increase as Thailand's population ages, according to research by KPMG Global yesterday.
The research show that Thailand has become an ageing society with more than 10 million elderly people accounting for 10 per cent of the total population since the year 2014. On the other hand, children under the age of 15 accounts for only 18 per cent of the total population, with a significant 2 per cent drop each year.
Thailand is predicted to become an 'aged' society in 2031 and a 'super-aged' society in 2050, with 20 and 30 percent of the total population being aged citizens, respectively. This means that out of every three Thais, one will be a senior citizen.
This demographic shift appears in several countries around the world, particularly in developed countries. However, Thailand will be the first middle income, developing country to enter an aged society while other countries in this ageing process will have already escaped the middle income stage. This translates to challenges with employability, lower economic growth, and care and support of senior people.
"Overcoming the health worker deficit and looming staffing crisis presents the single biggest challenge for healthcare during the next decade," KPMG Global Chairman for Healthcare Dr Mark Britnell said.
"The short-term fix of simply addressing headcount is too simple and short-sighted – seismic changes are needed across healthcare to avert this impending disaster. If we go about this the right way I believe we can grow the capacity to care by as much as 20 per cent to meet the anticipated staff shortfall".
Thailand is already making efforts on health issues regarding senior citizens. The second National Plan on the Elderly (2002-2021) that was initiated by The National Committee on the Elderly indicates a key strategic plan to establish security and good living standards for seniors.
This includes having access to healthy and friendly environment, having appropriate welfare and services, leading a valuable life and having access to data, information and news.
Further actions that Thailand and other countries need to explore is using digital and technological innovations to enhance healthcare and increase productivity, as well as explore new models of care outside of the traditional doctor-patient model.
“By re-framing the productivity debate, re-imagining clinical services, changing national investment strategies, empowering patients and harnessing the power of technology and AI, we can avoid the inevitably bleak future we face if we carry on as we are," Britnell concluded.
He added that healthcare is one of the largest sectors and employers in the world, worth over $9 trillion globally and consuming an average 10 per cent of a country's GDP.
However, with longer life expectancy and global population growth, having enough healthcare facilities and workforce is a growing concern in many countries – especially those that are moving towards an aged society.
Britnell warned that a shortfall of 18 million health workers by 2030 will have a devastating impact on the world's healthcare sector.
There is not enough staff to care for patients, and if swift action is not taken, there will soon be a workforce crisis with severe implications on a global scale.
The increase in the elderly population and decrease in children population means that countries are faced with more strain and challenges in the care and support of not only the entire population, but significantly, the elderly.