Bangkok hosted an important meeting from August 31-Sept 5 when governments prepared for decisions that they will take at the next UN climate change conference in Doha.
“Governments have promised to cut greenhouse gas emissions and help the poor and vulnerable adapt to climate change. They know they must implement these promises fully, raise their efforts before 2020 and redouble those efforts again after 2020,” said Christiana Figueres, executive secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
“Soon, in Doha, they must show implementation and set the pace towards adopting a new, universal climate agreement by 2015. The next three years are set to drive the next two decades of the international response to climate change,” she said.
At the last UNFCCC conference, in Durban, South Africa, nations set specific objectives for their 2012 meeting in Doha, scheduled for November 26-December 7. These include essential work to trigger a new phase of greater climate action and to take the next concrete steps to fill existing gaps in the international policy response to climate change.
Three negotiating groups met informally in Bangkok; one focused on how to amend the Kyoto Protocol, the second prepared the work, which was started in 2007, to limit the average global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius, and the third mulled how to take the next steps necessary to negotiate the new global climate change agreement, which must be adopted by 2015 and enter into force from 2020.
A common theme running through the Bangkok meeting was how to make sure that the promised amounts and adequate funds flow from developed to developing countries to support their plans to deal with climate change. “All sides need a clearer understanding on how to get to US$100 billion (Bt3 trillion) a year by 2020 with no gaps," said Figueres.
Both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Kyoto Protocol, born in 1997, aim to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.