With masses of people watching the recent Fifa World Cup via the Internet, Web traffic during the month-long tournament likely reached 4.3 exabytes, global information-technology company Cisco estimates. That is nearly equal to the total broadband traffic
However, thanks to a mega-trend called "Internet of Everything" (IoE), Cisco vice president Dr Robert Pepper predicts that "every day will be like the World Cup" in five years, when daily global Internet-protocol traffic will average 4.3 exabytes.
One exabyte equals 1,000 petabytes, 1 million terabytes or 1 billion gigabytes.
Pepper said IoE was expected to produce an even bigger impact than the Internet itself has already made on economies and societies.
"Within 20 years, it has the potential to change everything we do," he said.
IoE development is still in its early stages but it is real and here now, Pepper said.
Two recent Cisco studies predicted that IoE would offer US$19 trillion in opportunities to the public and private sectors worldwide over the next decade.
"It’s about connecting the 99.4 per cent of objects that were previously unconnected, including people, process, data and things. We’re going to digitise the remainder of society’s nervous system to the point that some philosophers are talking about a singularity," he said.
As its name implies, IoE will encompass virtually all deceives devices and services – smart cars, smart electricity grids, connected healthcare, connected education, smart building, smart factories, connected marketing and advertising, connected gaming and entertainment, and smart agriculture.
Part of IoE is the so-called machine-to-machine connection, or M2M, which Pepper describes as the "Aha".
M2M examples include digital medicines being developed by Proteus Digital Health in the United States. With an ingestible sensor inside, the drug can communicate with a wearable sensor on the skin to send information to health service providers. That information includes medication ingestion, dose timing and associated physiologic responses of patients, including heart rate, activity, rest, and skin temperature.
Pepper said small companies could benefit from the IoE trend by helping them leverage their bigger rivals.
Nevertheless, he said the adoption of the IPV6, the latest version of Internet protocol, was crucial for the development of IoE.
To cope with the explosion of IP traffic, appropriate spectrum policy was also very important.
Pepper said that thanks to the conversion from analog to digital TV broadcasting, Thailand should take back the 700-megahertz frequency and allocate it for fourth-generation cellular telecom service.