The FIA Formula One World Championship is set for a raft of radical technical-regulation changes in 2014.
From this year, the cars will be powered by avant-garde powertrain technology, with a powerful turbocharged internal combustion engine coupled with sophisticated energy recovery systems. Engine power output will be boosted to levels not seen in the sport in more than five years.
However, two types of energy will propel the cars. The internal combustion engine will produce power through traditional carbon-based fuel, while two motor generator units will harvest electrical energy from the exhaust and braking. The two systems will work in harmony, with teams and drivers balancing the use of the two types of energy throughout the race.
The advent of this new technology means that the word “engine” is no longer sufficient: instead the sport will refer to “power units”.
Renault is fully prepared for this technical revolution, with its Energy F1-2014 Power Unit designed and developed at its Viry-Châtillon headquarters in France and ready for track testing.
“Grand Prix racing is a pioneering sport, representing the pinnacle of human endeavour and technological innovation,” said Renault president Jean-Michel Jalinier. “From the rear-mounted engines of the 1930s to the ground effect of the 1980s, F1 technology has always been years ahead of its time. With cutting-edge energy systems and highly advanced turbocharged combustion engines, F1 remains true to its DNA in 2014. We are absolutely at the vanguard of powertrain technology this year.”
F1: KEY ELEMENTS
_ 1.6-litre turbocharged V6 internal combustion engine
_ Direct injection
_ Max engine speed of 15,000rpm
_ A Potent Energy Recovery System will incorporate two motor generator units – the MGU-H, recovering energy from the exhaust, and the MGU-K, recovering energy from braking.
_ Electrical energy will be stored in a battery
_ Combined maximum power output of 760bhp, on par with the previous V8 generation.
_ Double restriction on fuel consumption: fuel quantity for the race limited to 100 kg (-35% from 2013) with a fuel flow rate limited to 100 kg/hr max (unlimited under V8 regulations). Cars will, therefore, need to use both fuel and electrical energy over one lap.
_ Engine development is frozen during the season, only changes for fair and equitable reasons are permitted 5 Power Units permitted per driver per year.