Coup as it unfolds
The Nation monitors the events that led to the coup as well as events after it as following:
8.00 am Thaksin Shinawatra calls an urgent teleconference with all armed forces' commanders at Government House, but none attends.
Gen Sonthi Boonyaratkarin, the army chief, later says the meeting is hastily called. Rumor then spread around the capital and the stock market that a coup de tat is under way.
12.00 am After finishing the webcamera teleconference with Thaksin, who is New York, several Cabinet members check with reporters if there would really be a coup.
6.30 pm The Army's special forces from Lopburi move into Bangkok. Gen Prem Tinnasulalonda, president of Privy Council, has an audience with HM the King, reportedly on a meritmaking ceremony for ML Bau Kittiyakala.
6.55 pm Thai News Agency reports that Thaksin will return to Bangkok on Thursday, instead of Friday.
8.00 pm 191 police receive M16 rifles to prepare for an antiriot assignment.
9.00 pm The Army'[s special forces from Lopburi arrive at the Army's Bangkok headquarters.
Web surfers post messages on Pantip.com asking if there is a coup de tat.
9.10 pm The armyowned TV Channel 5's mobile TV broadcast unit arrives at the Army's Bangkok headquarters.
9.30 pm TV channel 5 cancels regular programming and puts on air royallyauthored songs.
Reporters at Government House say situation is normal, but rumour was rife that deputy premier Pol Gen Chidchai Vanasatit and defence minister Gen Thammarak Isarangkun have been under custody.
Panthongthae, Thaksin's son, reportedly has left Thailand for the UK.
9.40 pm Police commandos arrive Baan Chansongra, Thaksin's residence.
10.00 pm Army tanks take position at Bangkok Makkawan Rangsan Bridge and Rajdamnern Avenue.
10.10 pm CNN reports Bangkok situation
10.20pm Thaksin declares a state of emergency via the phone from New York. He also issues two orders, transferring en Sondhi from the post of army chief to the PM's Office, and naming Gen Rungroj Mahasaranond as the officer in charge of the crisis.
11pm "The Administrative Reform Council" (ARC) issues a first statement on TV network, saying the armed forces and national police have peacefully seized control of Bangkok and surrounding areas. Soldier seize the Shinawatra Building, iTV television stationand Thaksin's residence.
11.15pm Soldiers put steel barricades at Sri Ayudha and Rajdamnoen Roads
11.50pm ARC issues the second statement explaining the reasons for the coup d'etat, citing national disunity and rampant corruption. ARC says it plans to return power quickly to the people
12.39am ARC issues third statement, nullifying the constitution, the caretaker Cabinet and the Constitutional Court.
1: 24 am The ARC issues its fourth announcement saying that while there is no prime minister, the power of the PM will belong to the ARC chief. The statement says where there are no ministers, the permanent secretaries will take charge of their respective ministries.
8:00 am ARC spokesman announces Gen Sonthi will make announcement on TVs at 9 am. The spokesman also announces that TV stations can resume their normal programmes but most continue to relay signals from Channel 5 except iTV, which briefly airs its morning news programme.
8:50 am: Permanent officials and rectors of universities start arriving at the Army headquarters to report themselves to the ARC. Khunying Jaruvan Mainthaka, the auditor-general, flashes a thumb-up to reporters.
9:16 am Sonthi holds a press conference. The first part of his statement is similar to the first statement of the ARC. He says the ARC has to seize power to solve the country's problems caused by the Thaksin admnistration.
Sonthi appears on TV along with the police chief and commanders of other armed forces in the four-minute announcement.
After Sonthi finishes reading the statement, a spokeswoman announces that the TV pool is disbanded and TV stations resume normal programmes.
9:50 am A source in New York tells a radio programme that Thaksin is considering whether to go to England or not.
10:00 am Sondhi Limthongkul, a decision maker of the People's Alliance for Democracy, announces that the planned rally in the evening is cancelled. Sondhi also praises the army chief for staging the coup.
10:15 am Chamlong Srimuang, a decision maker of the PAD, passes the front of the army head office in a taxi. People give him an applaud as the taxi passes by.
10:40 am A spokesman of the ARC announces its fifth statement on TV pool that AMC invites students to take part in political reform. The spokesman says Gen Sonthi invites students to send suggestions on political reform to the ARC.
10:42 am A spokesman reads the sixth announcement of the ARC that the ARC realises the problem of farmers and is considering how to help them so they should not demonstrate now.
10:45 am An ARC spokeswoman reads the seventh announcement of the ARC that the political gathering of more than five people is banned.
The ARC spokeswoman also read the ninth announcement of the ARC that the ARC will take drastic action against any trader who hoards goods.
The spokesman announces the ninth statement of the ARC that the ARC will adhere to treaties with the United Nations and other international organisations as well as will promote and maintain good relations with other countries.
10:46 am An ARC reads the tenth announcement of the ARC that the ARC seeks cooperation from the mass media to present accurate news and information to the public.
10:52 am An ARC spokesman reads an order of ARC leader Gen Sonthi for the Information and Communication Technology Ministry to check and censor any type of information dissemination that could affect the works of the ARC.
10:58 am The ARC issues its 11th announcement to appoint members of the council as following:
1 Supreme Commander Gen Ruangroj Mahasaranon becomes chief adviser of the ARC.
2 Army Commander-in-Chief Gen Sonthi Boonyaratglin becomes president of the ARC.
3 Navy Commander-in-Chief Adm Sathiraphan Keyanon becomes first vice president of ARC.
4 Air Force Commander-in-Chief ACM Chalit Pookpasuk becomes second vice president of ARC.
5 Police Commissioner-General Pol Lt Gen Kowit Wattana becomes third vice president of the ARC
6 National Security Council secretary-general Gen Winai Phatthiyakul becomes secretary-general of the ARC.
1:00 pm Chalard Worachat and several other people are arrested for gathering in a group of more than five people.
1:15 pm Former Thai Rak Thai MP Surapol Kiartchaiyakorn is seen taking away from the Chiang Mai Airport by soldiers on a military vehicle.
1:30 pm Deputy Police Commissioner-General Pol Col Priewphan Damapong, a brother-in-law of Thaksin Shinawatra, reports himself to the national police chief in line with the coup maker's order.
2:00 pm ARC leader Gen Sonthi told foreign diplomats an hour ago that a civilian government would be appointed to run the country within two weeks.
2:30 pm Thawee Kraikupti, former Thai Rak Thai MP, protest against the coup at the Democracy Monument. He is later taken away by soldiers.
3:00 pm A military source say 15 trucks of fully-armed soldiers from the Pawai Camp head to Bangkok.
Sonthi answers reporters' questions at a press conference. He tells reporters that an interim constitution will be drafted in two weeks. After which a Cabinet will be formed to spend another year to draft a new constitution.
Sonthi says the new Election Commission has been dissolved along with the abolition of the Constitution.
4:55 pm ARC issues an announcement that government agencies, state enterprises, schools, banks and the Stock Exchange of Thailand would be open on Thursday.
6:00 pm About 100 soldiers from the 26th Cavalry Battalion in Phechabun arrive at Pathum Thani in ten trucks and ten military trucks. They travel on Rangsit-Nakhon Nayok Road and reach a road check point in Pathum Thani manned by seven tanks. after briefly talking to offices at the checkpoints, the 10 tanks and 10 trucks move on to Bangkok.
7:00 pm A spokesman announces that His Majesty the King has issued a royal command to appoint Sonthi as the ARC president.
7: 04 pm The ARC issues its seventh order to divide itself into four divisions as part of responsibility sharing. The four divisions are the ARC, the secretariat, the advisory division and special affairs division.
7:10 pm The ARC issues an order to maintain the status of Khunying Jaruvan Maintaka as the auditor-general.
The order removes the State Audit Commission but maintains Jaruvan's status as well as maintaining the provision of the SAC Act.
7:29 pm A spokesman of the ARC announces that the ARC has not imposed curfew and the people can live their life as usal.
9:45 pm The ARC announces an order for former Natural Resource and Environment Minister Yongyuth Tiyapairat and former PM's Office Minister Newin Chidchop to report themselves at the army head office at noon on Thursday.
10 pm The ARC issues its 13th statement to maintain the status of the new Election Commission. The ARC statement says the EC ACT would continue to be effective so that the new EC could organize election of local administrations and councils.
9:11 am AFP reports from Singapore that the Thai baht opens stronger in Asian trade, recovering much of the ground lost Wednesday. The baht was is at 37.5150 to the dollar, up sharply from 37.68 on Wednesday.
10:35 am Soldiers arrive at the house of former natural resources and environment minister Yongyuth Tiyapairaj in Chiang Rai's Mae Chan district to try to locate him. But the house is closed and he is not found there.
11:00 am The People's Alliance for Democracy announces it ceases to exist after its goal to see the Thaksin regime toppled has been accomplished.
11:45 am Former PM's Office Minister Newin Chichob reports himself to the Administrative Reform Council. He arrives at the Army headquarters in a car and lowers his car's window to greet reporters but he is greeted back with boos by people there.
People shouts "Dictator" and "Corruptor".
1:00 pm former natural resources and environment minister Yongyuth Tiyapairat to reports himself to ARC.
1:40 pm Newn's car speeds out of the Army head office but it is not known whether Newin is inside the car or not.
2:00 pm Newin confirms with a Nation reporter on mobile phone that he has been detained by the ARC.
2:25 pm Ousted deputy prime minister Somkid Jatusripitak returns from France. He tells reporters that he has not yet decided about his political future.
3:40pm Former deputy prime minister Wissanu Krea-ngam arrives at the head office of the coup makers, which now call itself official in English as the Council for Democratic Reform under Constitutional Monarchy (CDRM).
3:45 pm Cabinet secretary-general Borwornsak Uwanno comes to the CDRM head office at the Army headquarters.
4:00 pm Ousted deputy prime minister Surakiart Sathirathai returns from the United States. He thanks CDRM for still supporting him for the post of UN secretary-general.
4:20 pm The CDRM issues its 14th announcement to maintain status of the Parliament ombudsmen by reviving the Parliament Ombudsmen Act.
The CDRM also issues its 15th announcement to maintain the status of the Political Parties Act. The announcement adds that new political parties could be registered until further announcement by the council.
The announcement states that current political parties will not be dissolved but they cannot hold any political activity until further announcement by the CDRM.
7:50 pm CDRM issues its 16th announcement to give itself parliament role. It says it will function as parliament while there are no House of Representatives and Senate.
9:45 pm CDRM issues its 11th order to transfer four senior officers to inactive posts at PM's Ministry Office.
They are Pol General Jumphol Manmai, chief of National Intelligence Agency, Pol Maj General Peeraphan Premputi, permanent secretary of the PM's Office, Pol General Phreophan Damapongse, a deputy national police chief and a brother-in-law of Thaksin, and Pol Lt General Chalor Choowong, an asssitant national police chief.
10:00pm CDRM issues its 12th order to appoint Lt Gen Waipoj Srinual, commander of the Internal Security Operations Command, as director of the National Intelligence Agency.
10:33 pm AFP reports that The United States is reviewing its aid to Thailand due to the coup.
9:30 pm Sonthi enters a ceremony to receive a royal command to be officially endorsed as the president of the Council for Democratic Reform under Constitutional Monarchy. The ceremony is broadcast on TV pool at noon.
1:10pm CDRM issues its order No 17 to delegate power over police affairs from the prime minister to the police commissioner-general.
1:30 pm CDRM issues order No 18 to amend the National Police Act to rid of politicians of the police professional regulating body.
The order appoints the police commissioner-general as chairman of the Police Civil Services Commission, instead of the prime minister.
2:30 pm Thaksin's brother, Phayup Shinawatra, is taken away from the Chiang Mai International Airport once he arrives from Bangkok. He is believed to be taken to the Kawila Army Camp in Chiang Mai.
3:50 pm CDRM appoints a new National Counter Corruption Commission (NCCC) by issuing its announcement No 19 which also maintain status of the NCCC Act and the Criminal Procedural Code for the Criminal Tribunal for Police Office Holders.
3:00 pm CDRM issues its 13th order to assign Cabinet secretary-general Rongphol Charoenphan to concurrently become permanent secretary for PM's Office.
2:30 pm Sudarat Keyuraphan, ousted agriculture minister, returns from Germany Sunday afternoon. She says she would halt political activities and would provide full cooperation to the CDRM.
3:00 pm CDRM issues its 21st announcement to ban wiretapping. The announcement imposes five years jail term and or Bt100,000 fine on anyone who eavesdrop on conversations through telephones or other ways of communications. Persons who abuse information or disclose information from such eavesdropping will also be liable to the same penalties.
The announcement also subjects anyone who is informed of information from wiretapping to the same penalties if he or she relay the information or makes use of it.
The announcement says the masterminds behind the wiretapping will be subjected to two-fold penalties.
It says if the wrongdoers are concessionaires of any type of telecom services, the concession will terminated.
4:00 pm CDRM issues its 22nd announcement to ban activities of local politicians of tambon administrative organizations and provincial administrative organisations as well as other organisatons from carrying out their political activities either in support or opposition to the CDRM for fear that they could lead to problems causing further rifts in the society.
23:20 pm CDRM issues its 23rd decree to set up an assets investigation panel to review all projects approved by the Thaksin government.
The eight-member committee is chaired by Sawat Chotephanich and has seven other members - the auditor-general, the attorney-general, the secretary-general of the National Counter Corruption Commission, the secretary-general of the Anti-Money Laundering Office, the secretary-general of Securities and Exchange Commission, the central bank governor and the judge advocate-general.
1:00 am Thaksin's wife, Pojaman, leaves Thailand on a flight to London.
7:00pm CDRM appoints four advisory committees on economics, foreign affairs, ethics and good governance, and social reconciliation and justice. Dozens of prominent civilians are appointed as members of the advisory panels.
MR Pridiyathorn Devakula, the Bank of Thailand governor, who is named as chairman of the advisory council on economics.
Vitaya Vejjajiva, a former permanent secretary of the Foreign Ministry, has been appointed as chairman of the advisory council on foreign affairs.
Associate Professor Churee Vichitvadha-karn, who chairs Thailand's Transparency Inter-national and who teaches at the National Institute of Development Administration, is named as chairwoman of the advisory council on ethics, governance and prevention of corruption and abuse of power.
Phaiboon Wattanasiritham is appointed to chair an advisory council on reconciliation and social justice.
8:15 pm The CDR issues a new announcement to appoint a new Assets Examination Committee.
9:29 am A royal command is announced to enact the interim Constitution.
5 pm Gen Surayud Chulanont, former army chief and ex-privy councillor, is appointed Thailand's 24th prime minister.